Collection 10

EAP 314 Collection 10

Location of the original documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images :

41 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

22 handwritten paper documents.

Date range of the original documents:

1890-1943

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection belongs to a Pramalai Kallar heriditary village headman. It contains 22 hand written documents dealing with temple disputes (two groups are fighting for the rights over the honour in the Sundaravalli Amman temple), land transactions and land mortgages.

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in two series: (1) Temple dispute, (2) Land transaction documents.

(1) Temple dispute

This series (1898-1930) contains documents dealing a drawn-out temple dispute. Two groups are fighting for the rights over the honour given in the Sundaravalli Amman temple.

(2) Land transaction documents

This series (1890-1943) contains documents dealing with land transactions and land mortgages.

 

Workshop on Non-State Law and Governance in South Asia and in the Diasporas (IFP)

NON-STATE LAW AND GOVERNANCE IN SOUTH ASIA AND IN THE DIASPORAS

Workshop convened by Livia Holden with the assistance of Tommaso Sbriccoli with the support of ANDROMAQUE and JUST-INDIA

Call for Papers

This multidisciplinary workshop brings together scholars who have studied non-state law and its implication with governance from a variety of socio-legal perspectives, which are all based on first-hand data collected in South Asia and in the South Asian diasporas during the last 40 years. It focuses on the South Asian networks that act as referents for the settlement of justice in South Asia, and furthermore analyses their translocal legal implications within the South Asian diasporas. The core focus of this workshop is the dynamics of the trust networks that inform the decision-making process concerning the choice of the forum for dispute resolution, especially but not exclusively, in relation to gender and power. How the practices of dispute resolution and their conceptualizations by both the socio-legal scholarship and the general public are modified or influenced by the local and translocal dynamics that have developed in South Asia in the last 40 years? How are the practices of dispute resolution shaped by the post-colonial instances of the free market? And what is the role of the geo-political stakeholders in the severance, re-establishment, variation, and perpetuation of trust networks for dispute resolution. Finally: what are the global implications of translocal forum shopping strategies within and beyond the wider inter-Asian scenario of South Asian diasporas? This workshop will also explore the notion of legal pluralism and the implications of categorizations such as non-state law, traditional law, and customary law. It will investigate the features of social actors’ legal awareness and it will scrutinize the conditions of representation of socio-legal findings on the heated debate revolving around non-state jurisdictions in South Asia. Contributions will investigate the language of the law by exploring the legal formulations, arguments and patterns of litigation within the everyday interactions of trust networks but also encourages multidisciplinary approaches from socio-legal scholars, anthropologists, lawyers, policy makers in a variety of domains, and activists. Authors may use a variety of methods ranging from qualitative to quantitative and including historical, ethnographic, and socio-legal analysis.

International workshop on Tamil epigraphy, 11-22 July 2011

8th INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON TAMIL EPIGRAPHY

Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes Paris and Pondicherry University

Pondicherry & Tanjavur 11 – 22 July 2011

 

Coordinated by :  Appasamy Murugaiyan (EPHE – UMR 7528) and Prof. K. Rajan (Pondicherry University)

The workshop will lay more attention on fieldwork and practical training: estampage making, preservation, reading in situ, and paleography. Invited scholars and epigraphists will share their work in a series of afternoon lectures on topics related to Tamil and South Indian studies.

Course programme:

– History of Tamil epigraphy, the Tamil epigraphic culture.
– Evolution of Tamil scripts.
– Estampage making, digital documentation and preservation of inscriptions.
– Structure of epigraphic texts, methods of analysis and interpretation.
– Religious, historical and social issues raised in various types of inscriptions.
– Linguistic features of different types of inscriptions.
– Philological study of personal names.

Please note that the workshop will be held in Pondicherry and in Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu, India. No registration fees are required, but each participant has to bear the cost of practical works and travelling to different sites.

The workshop will be held from Monday till Friday, morning 9.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.  (lunch break) afternoon 2.00 to 4.30 p.m. The participants have to arrange themselves their travel.

For more information and registration, please contact:    a.murugaiyan@wanadoo.fr

For details of previous workshop click here.

 

 

 

Tamil Summer School, 11 July-20 August 2011

Tamil Summer School 2011

Puducherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture (PILC)

11 July- 20 August 2011

The Tamil Summer School is an intensive six-weeks course in spoken Tamil organised by the Puducherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture(PILC), a Govt. of Puducherry institution, known for its research activities, training programmes and workshops.

The course was initiated in 1998 by the Department of Social Sciences, French Institute, Puducherry to offer training to language researchers in Humanities and Social sciences. PILC has been organising this course since 2004. The TSS is conducted every year in July-August. The medium of teaching is English as well as Tamil.

The TSS focuses on Spoken Tamil rather than on the classical and written forms being taught in European Universities.

The level of spoken Tamil courses are offered: basic and intermediate.

For more details, click here.

For Information Contact:

The Director, Puducherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture

Women’s Polytechnic Campus, Lawspet,

Puducherry 605 008, India

Tel: 0413-2255817 (Dir) 0413-2255827 (Off)

E.mail: pilc@vsnl.com, pilc@md3.vsnl.net.in

Collection 9

EAP 314 Collection 9

Location of the original documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images:

2 digital images in TIFF format.

Extent and Format of the original documents:

1 copper plate.

Date range of the original documents:

Gregorian date not determined. Tamil date: year of manmadha, month of avani.

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection contains one copper plate which is given by the Gandamanur Zamindar to Vellaiathevan (forefather of the current holder). This copper plate confirms the vigilance rights (kaval) over 3 villages for Vellaiathevan and 3 portions of land given as subsidy for his family livelihood.

N.B.: Caution must always be exercised regarding the authenticity of copper plates as fakes have been produced.

 

Collection 8

EAP 314 Collection 8

Location of the original documents:

Kongu Nadu

Number of digital images :

1248 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

25 handwritten and printed paper documents, 12 notebooks, 1 copper plate.

Date range of the original documents:

1862-1943

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection consists of paper documents dealing with customary law, Madras Inam Commision as well as a small amount of miscellaneous papers. There are also 13 notebooks of various size and pages used by the document holder’s grandfather when he went for the ritual tax collection to different villages. This tax was collected from each Kongu Vellala Goundar household which came under his jurisdiction as Addenam (Religious head). The current holder received these documents from his grandfather as well as his father’s elder brother.

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in series: (1) Copper plate transcription, (2) Correspondance on customary issues, (3) Deed issued by the Inam Commision, (4) Miscellaneous Documents and (5) Ritual tax collection notebooks.

(1) Copper plate transcription

This series (1888) contains handwritten document which is a transcription from a copper plate which has apparently been lost. It describes how the three South Indian Kings (Chera, Chola, Pandya) did the Siva puja (ritual) and told the forefathers of the document holders to migrate to the Kongu Nadu region and continue the Siva puja for the local people.

N.B.: Caution must always be exercised regarding the authenticity of copper plates as fakes have been produced.

(2) Correspondance on customary issues

This series (1894-1943) contains handwritten correspondance to and by the Addenam on various issues customary issues such as his ritual status, doing away with a curse, breaking the traditional ties which bind him to the local people, etc.

(3) Deed issued by the Inam Commision

This series (1862-1869) contains deeds issued by the Madras Inam Commision  to the Addenam. Inam land was government land rented out for a minimal sum and which could be acquired by the tenant at a later period again for a minimal price.

(4) Miscellaneous Documents

This series (1924-1978) contains miscellaneous documents ranging from a school leaving certificate, thank you notice sent by the Addenam to the villagers for their support in a legal issue and invitation for the swearing-in of a new Addeenam.

(5) Ritual tax collection notebooks

This series (1920-1939) contains 13 handwritten notebooks concerning the different villages visited by the Sivagiri Addenam and the ritual tax collected from each household which comes under his jurisdiction. The Addenam would perform an important ritual, the Siva puja, for the Kongu Vellala caste people which they could not perform themselves and therefore he was entitled to collect this money from them. Each house paid 25 paise per month or Rs.3 per annum. The Addenam would travel himself to all the locations. Since this was very time consuming sometime he would collect the tax only once every two years and therefore collect at that time the tax for the two years. This ritual tax system is still in existence.

 

Collection 7

EAP 314 Collection 7

Location of the Original Documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images:

10 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

5 handwritten paper documents

Date range of the original documents:

1901-1914

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection has 4 documents dealing with pledging some land for cash. The document holder belongs to the Konar caste. In his father’s time, his family used to own cattle and milk and supply cattle manure to the surrounding villages.

 

Collection 6

EAP 314 Collection 6

Location of the Original Documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images:

10 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

4 handwritten paper documents

Date range of the original documents:

1884-1920

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection contains documents related to land management (pledging, purchase and sharing) as well as documents dealing with a divorce and the maintenance to be given by the former husband to his first wife. The document holder belongs to the Paraiyar caste. One of the documents was used to settle a dispute with members of the Kallar caste.

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in series: (1) Land deeds, (2) Maintenance Pledge

(1) Land deeds

This series (1884-1920) contains documents related to land management: pledging, purchase and sharing.

(2) Maintenance Pledge

This series (1904) contains one document dealing with a divorce case and addresses the maintenance to be given by the former husband to his first wife.

 

Collection 5

EAP 314 Collection 5

Location of the Original Documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images:

40 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

3 handwritten and typed paper documents

Date range of the original documents:

1889-1953

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection has 3 handwritten documents pertaining to disputes over honour (or precedence) belong to the family of an Ambalakarrar headman. The notion of honour establishes ritual, and therefore social, status at the level of the locality and takes the shape of the order in which ritual offerings are distributed during the annual temple festivals. This group of documents concern three successive conflicts within the same temple.

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in one series that is (1) Honour dispute documents.

(1) Honour dispute documents

This series (1889-1953) contains documents related to a conflict over the honour given at the Kallazhakar Temple annual festival to the document holder’s family which was settled by the  Madras Endowment Board. The second conflict concerns the distribution of honours within the kin group itself, in particular a disagreement about the order given from their ancestor’s time, which was settled during a panchayat. The third one deals with the struggle to obtain new entitlements in order to receive the honour in the temple. Though one of the document is fairly recent, it is included here as it is related to the  previous two documents.

 

Collection 4

EAP 314 Collection 4

Location of the Original Documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images:

858 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

277 handwritten and printed paper documents, 1 notebook.

Date range of the original documents:

1862-1959

Scope and content of the collection:

This large collection belongs to a lineage headmen of the Servai (Agamudayar) caste. The documents were handed down to him by his father, who held them from his own father’s father and grandfather’s father. These documents cover different issues such as that of dispute settlement handled by the family men in their capacity both as traditional village headmen (Ur Nattanmai) and as officially appointed presidents of the Village Panchayat Court (VPC). These documents shed light on the interaction and negotiation between village level judiciary practices and state intervention. A number of documents deal specifically with disputes between local theatrical companies and the parents of their young recruits. Another set of documents deal with financial and agrarian transactions.

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in series: (1) Drama company disputes, (2) Government communication and (3) Land transactions, (4) Village panchayat court, (5) Temple management.

(1) Drama company disputes

This series (1932-1936) contains documents related to contracts and disputes between individuals and local drama companies. Parents would send their child off to work for a drama company, for a period of two or three years. A contract was drawn up between the parents and the company fixing the advance paid to the parents and the time period the child should work. These disputes were settled by the document holder’s great-grandfather as village panchayat president.

(2) Government communication

This series (1874-1948) contains various types of notifications and communications to and by the British administration to village officials.

(3) Land transactions

This series (1870-1959) contains documents releted to various land management such as sale deeds, leases, agreements of the share of harvest, plot measurements as well as mortgage deeds involving dry land, wet land and a few  houses. It is noteworthy that many documents contain the caste origin of the lenders and the borrowers. The amounts vary from Rs10 to Rs 6000.

(4) Village panchayat court

This series (1869-1953) contains documents relating the « village panchayat court » as well as other dispute settlement documents. The « village panchayat court » (VPC) were legal bodies recognised by the British administration. The VPC handled disputes at the village level and had to answer back to the District Magistrate Court. The traditional headman often used to hold the function of VPC president, as is the case here.

(5) Temple management

This series (1862-1947) contains documents relating to temple accounts and management. One is a notebook for the four temples of Adhalai which contains lists of the vessels owned by a temple as well as contruction accounts. The rest are loose documents covering various temple managment issues.

 

Collection 3

EAP 314 Collection 3

Location of the original documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images :

123 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original documents:

44 handwritten and printed paper documents, 3 copper plates.

Date range of the original documents:

1827-1938

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection belongs to the family of a Zamin of the the Anupa Goundar sub-caste. The oldest documents (1838) go back four generations. A large part of the paper documents concern land transactions handled by the document holder’s forefathers who were the local landlords (Zamindar) of the area. Another set of paper documents deal with disputes, such as their claim to the hereditary right to obtain honour (or precedence) in the Kalazhakar temple over a rival landlord, the Zamindar of Velliangundram. The copper plates were originally the property of the Zamin’s family gurukal (caste religious head).

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in series: (1) Court cases, (2) Family Documents, (3) Land Transactions, (4) Temple conflicts and (5) Copper plates.

(1) Court cases

This series (1919-1945) contains documents related to two conflicts on the Zamin’s estate: the illegal cutting of trees and the removal of a village headman (nattanmai).

(2) Family Documents

This series (1919-1954) contains marriage invitations and hand-drawn family genealogy.

(3) Land Transactions

This series (1865-1937) contains receipts for the land tax collected by the Zamin on behalf of the Ganesha temple for the period 1865-1937 and notices to sell the lands in open auctions.

(4) Temple conflicts

This series (1827-1945) contains the complaints sent to the District Collector by a forefather of the current document holder. The main content of the document is their claim to get the Honour (Parivattam) during a temple festival against a rival Zamindar..

(5) Copper plates

This series contains 3 copperplates belonging to the Zamindar’s gurukal (the religious head of their subcaste). One copper plate, issued by king Tirumalai Narendiran establishes a Immudi Achiram Goundar as the headman (palayakarran) of set of villages and gives him the office of watchman over the Alagar temple.  Details of tax collection and temple honors are also given. The other two copperplates mention a variety of topics. They begin by praising lord Krishna, then go on to decribed a Veeramallathevan of Pattanaiyur who is praised by the village residents for his bravery in fighting and killing a tiger. It also described some customary laws for several communities including the Sakkiliyar and Goundar communities.

N.B.: Caution must always be exercised regarding the authenticity of copper plates as fakes have been produced..

 

Collection 2

EAP 314 Collection 2

Location of the original documents:

Theni district

Number of digital images :

18 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original material:

9 handwritten and printed paper documents.

Scope and content of the collection:

This small collection contains land transaction documents (land deeds and land tax receipts) issued by the Zamindar of Gandamanayakanur in the first half of the 20th century to the great grandfather (Muthu Veera Kudumban) of the current document holder. They belonged to the Kudumban caste, (also known as Pallar) and were one of the three families who obtained land from the Kandama Naikanur Zamindar in return for the vigilance duties (kaval) they performed for him.

 

 

Collection 1

EAP 314 Collection 1

Location of the original documents:

Kallar Nadu

Number of digital images:

1111 digital images in TIFF format

Extent and Format of the original material:

230 handwritten and printed paper documents, 11 (handwritten) school notebooks and 3 copper plates.

Scope and content of the collection:

This collection consists of handwritten documents belonging to the headman of the Pramalai Kallar subcaste. These documents written to his father (Pinna Thevar, 1896-1971) and grand father (Ananji Thevar, 1838-1918) in their capacity as traditional headmen of the subcaste. These documents consist of petitions, descriptions of conflicts having occurred in villages under the traditional legal jurisdiction. The conflicts ranged from unpaid loans, inheritance, breaking the customary marriage rules, theft, adultery, rape, murder. This collection also contains copperplates from the mid 17th century issued by the Nayakkar ruler Tirumalai Nayakkar to the forefather Pinna Thevar, the first holder of the title of headman of the Pramalai Kallar subcaste.

System of arrangement of the collection:

The collection is arranged in three series:

(1) Panchayat papers, (2) Petition notebooks and (3) Copperplates.

(1) Panchayat papers

This series (1837-1940) consists of handwritten petitions sent to Ananji Thevar and his son Pinna Thevar (respectively grandfather and father of the current document holder). These petitions deal with:  application for divorces, agreement for divorce by the village headman, notice of the divorce given to the subcaste headman, property disputes, case of illegitimate children, unpaid “bride price”,  various inter family disputes, adultery, marriage between prohibited kin relations and prohibited intercaste sexual relations. The panchayat documents share some similarity with the petition notebooks in that they were both used to record petitions which were given to the traditional headmen of the Pramalai kallar subcaste as part of the local dispute resolution process. The main differences are that the panchayat documents also record the judgments that were handed down at the end of a case, while the notebooks do not and some of these are recorded on stamp paper giving those documents a legal status outside the realm of the subcaste. Furthermore, the panchayat documents were handed to the headmen by their individual applicants while the notebooks contain petitions from whole villages. Several documents included in this series are not related to the issue described but were kept together as a bundle by the document holder and have been included in the series.

(2) Petition notebooks

This series (1915-1938) consists of handwritten petitions send to Ananji Thevar and his son Pinna Thevar respectively grandfather and father of the current document holder. These are contained in school notebooks (40 to 80 pages) from villages under the jurisdiction of the Periya Thevar (headman). The notebooks were then delivered to him. Based on these, the Periya Thevar would travel to the villages and solve the disputes. The notebooks therefore give only the details of the dispute and not the judgment handed down by the Periya Thevar. These petitions deals with: application for divorces, agreement for divorce by the village headman, notice of the divorces given to the headman of the subcaste, property disputes, case of Illegitimate children, unpaid “Bride Price”,  various inter family disputes, adultery,  marriage between prohibited kin relations,  prohibited intercaste sexual relations.

(3) Copperplates

This series (1645-1657) contains three copper plates were issued by the Nayak King Thirumalai Nayakar who rule Madurai in the middle of the 17th century to Pinna Tevar who was the first Pramalai Kallar headman bearing a royal title bestowed on him by the king. The current document holder, Tavamani Tevar is the 11th holder of that same title.

Copper plate 1

http://eap.bl.uk/database/large_image.a4d?digrec=1422223;catid=160482;r=6334

http://eap.bl.uk/database/large_image.a4d?digrec=1422224;catid=160482;r=26500

Copper plate 2

http://eap.bl.uk/database/large_image.a4d?digrec=1422225;catid=160483;r=6334

http://eap.bl.uk/database/large_image.a4d?digrec=1422226;catid=160483;r=26500

Copper plate 3

 

N.B.: Caution must always be exercised regarding the authenticity of copper plates as fakes have been produced. Regarding the copperplates of Collection 1, they have been authenticated.